Briefly: detecting changed form inputs with jQuery

I was working on a project a few months back that required me to detect whether the user had changed the values of HTML form inputs, and prompt them suitably. After a little poking into the defaultValue, defaultSelected and defaultChecked DOM properties, I knocked together a quick jQuery selector.

It’s since worked its way into a number of other projects—this site included—so I thought I’d post it in case anyone is interested or has suggestions for improvements. Share and enjoy :)

(function($){ /** * Selector that returns form input elements that have been changed by the * user since the page was uploaded. * * Example use: * * $('form :input').filter(':changed').each(function() { … }) * * @param oEl the element itself * @param index the current loop index (unused) * @param meta metadata about the selector (unused) * @param stack a stack of the elements to loop (unused) */ $.expr[':'].changed = function(oEl, index, meta, stack) { // 0. drop out var sN = oEl.nodeName.toLowerCase(); if ((sN !== 'input') && (sN !== 'textarea') && (sN !== 'select')) return false; if (oEl.getAttribute('data-no-check') != null) return false; // 1. custom hook for SELECT boxes if (sN == 'select') { // a) iterate through all options. If one has changed, we've changed for (var i = 0; i < oEl.options.length; i++) if (oEl.options[i].defaultSelected != oEl.options[i].selected) return true; // b. nothing has changed return false; } // 2. otherwise, for radios and checkboxen, use (default)checked var sType = oEl.getAttribute('type'); if ((sType !== null) && ((sType.toLowerCase() == 'radio') || (sType.toLowerCase() == 'checkbox'))) return (oEl.checked != oEl.defaultChecked); // 3. everything else uses (default)value return (oEl.defaultValue != oEl.value); }})(jQuery);

At some point, I’ll get around to making it play nice with Zepto as well: it’s not being picked up quite right at the moment…

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  1. Nice!